#LokSabhaElections2019,  Elections2019,  Research,  Social Computing

Who-Follows-Whom?, #ChaupalOnTwitter, Political Satire Videos

Who-Follows-Whom?

Earlier in our ongoing blog series on the forthcoming Indian parliamentary elections we had characterized the following network of verified political handles.

Today we share the results of analysing the follower/following patterns of these handles amongst each other. To understand the interactions between the political handles (otherwise parties), we populate a table which shows the ratio of total number of followings of one party to another by the total number of handles of that party. Below is the table with all the counts of followings of each party’s members against another party’s handles, e.g. total number of connections from all AAP accounts following BJP accounts is 912.

PartyBJPINCAAPSHSSADNCPSPTDPCPMDMKOthers
BJP48716135750335827418410834520271504
INC16222382130627111812254283571148
AAP912391362191186115317406
SHS5085117559230141025
SAD3144026401010031
NCP274231472802801063073
SP174240602071651282138
TDP2322463312520140
CPM191720002048136
DMK6262300136621944
Others145067813119294669385416630

Next, we were interested to see, that on an average, how many handles of another/same party does a political handle from a given party follow e.g. on an average how many BJP handles does one AAP handle follow. Using the table above, we calculated this for each party; for example, the average Shiv Sena (SHS) political handle follows ~17.47 other Shiv Sena political handles. An average INC handle follows 4.08 BJP handles while BJP followed 2.82 INC handles.

PartyBJPINCAAPSHSSADNCPSPTDPCPMDMKOthers
BJP101.282.821.050.740.570.380.220.720.040.063.13
INC4.0859.850.770.070.030.450.570.110.210.142.88
AAP9.404.0337.330.090.110.080.630.150.320.074.19
SHS15.881.590.5317.470.060.940.030.130.030.000.78
SAD8.260.110.000.0516.840.030.000.030.000.000.82
NCP11.9110.042.041.220.0012.170.430.260.130.003.17
SP9.6713.333.330.110.000.399.170.670.440.117.67
TDP25.782.670.670.330.330.110.225.780.000.114.44
CPM1.581.420.170.000.000.000.170.004.000.083.00
DMK1.631.630.080.000.000.030.080.160.165.761.16
Others13.686.401.240.180.270.430.650.360.510.155.94

We find that the diagonals in the tables to have the highest values, i.e. handles of a party follow other handles of their own party more.

From the table above, some interesting insights can be gathered. Most handles of political parties (but for those affiliated with Samajwadi Party (SP)) follow more BJP handles than INC handles. This also holds true for the category Others which under its umbrella houses several small regional parties such as All India Trinamool Congress (AITC), Biju Janata Dal (BJD), and Telangana Rashtra Samithi (TRS), to name a few.

Additionally, alliances can be clearly seen in some cases with handles from one party following a higher number of handles from the other party on an average. The average political handle affiliated with Shiromani Akali Dal (SAD), Shiv Sena (SHS), and Telugu Desam Party (TDP), all parties supporting the National Democratic Alliance (NDA), follow many BJP handles as opposed to an INC handle on an average. For example, the average SAD handle follows as many as eight BJP handles, but hardly follows an INC handle. Also, parties such as Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) and Samajwadi Party (SP), otherwise unaffiliated with either alliance, follow a larger number of one particular party; the average AAP handles follow BJP handles more, whereas, the average SP handle follows INC handles more.

#ChaupalOnTwitter

On the 11th of January 2019, Twitter India started a new initiative, #ChaupalOnTwitter, geared towards encouraging open dialogue around crucial topics and direct conversations with politicians (Twitter’s blog on this). Since then, a total of 11 #ChaupalOnTwitter have been hosted; three each by BJP & INC leaders, one each by a SP, RJD, TRS, AAP, and JMM leaders. Out of these 11 events, nine were organized for male politicians while two were for female politicians. Below is the list of all Chaupals done with the number of views for the corresponding live stream of the Chaupal.

Chaupal DatePolitician NameParty AffiliationViews on Live Video
(rounded to nearest 1000)
11 JanMr. Akhilesh YadavSP10,000
17 JanMr. Tejashwi YadavRJD15,000
30 JanMs. Kavitha KalvakuntlaTRS14,000
4 FebMr. Manish SisodiaAAP4,000
18 FebMs. Supriya SuleNCP / INC5,000
13 MarchMr. Hemant SorenJMM4,000
20 MarchMr. Satya Pal SinghBJP2,000
23 MarchMr. Nitin GadkariBJP14,000
26 MarchMr. SiddaramaiahINC9,000
28 MarchMr. Manoj TiwariBJP8,000
30 MarchMr. Dinesh Gundu RaoINC2,000

Each Chaupal had an associated hashtag that trended alongside it. The 11 hashtags that were used are: #AskDineshGunduRao, #AskEduMinMSisodia, #AskMPKavitha, #AskSiddaramaiah, #GadkariJiKiChaupal, #ManojTiwariKiChaupal, #SatyapalKiChaupal, #TejashwiKiChaupal, #अखिलेशकीचौपाल, #हेमंतकीचौपाल, #ಸಿದ್ದರಾಮಯ್ಯನವರಿಗೆನಿಮ್ಮಪ್ರಶ್ನೆ

We extracted the mentions of all political handles from the tweets for the Chaupals conducted post March 26th. We found @siddaramaiah to have 1,943 mentions, @ManojTiwariMP with 1,590 mentions, and @dineshgrao with 932 mentions.

In total, we collected 10,954 tweets having one or more of the following hashtags: #ChaupalOnTwitter, #CahaupalOnTwitter, #ManojTiwariKiChaupal, #AskSiddaramaiah, #GadkariJiKiChaupal, #SatyapalKiChaupal, #AskMPKavitha, #TejashwiKiChaupal, #TwitterLive, #AskDineshGunduRao, #ManojTiwariKiChaupal, #TwitterChaupal, #AskSiddaramaiah, #CahupalOnTwitter, #ElectionsOnTwitter, #DemocracyDialogue, #VoiceOfVoters2019, #AskSupriyaSule, #AskEduMinMSisodia, #Powerof18, #हेमंतकीचौपाल, #अखिलेशकीचौपाल, #ಸಿದ್ದರಾಮಯ್ಯನವರಿಗೆನಿಮ್ಮಪ್ರಶ್ನೆ. This is a rough estimate of the number of tweets talking about the Chaupals. Out of these 10,954, we found that 8,496 were re-tweets and 564 were re-tweets with comments. We also analyzed the distribution of the languages for the tweets posted. We found English to be the dominant occurrence with 49.6% of tweets collected, Hindi followed with 30% of tweets collected, Kannada came at third place with 18.3%, others being Tamil, Marathi, Gujarati, and Telugu. The image below is the word cloud of the high frequency words across all the Chaupals together.

Here are the word clouds for each of the last three Chaupals. (click on the images for an enlarged view)

Mr. Siddaramaiah Mr. Manoj Tiwari Mr. Dinesh Gundu Rao

These word clouds clearly depict the prominent topics that were discussed / brought up during these Chaupals.

Political Satire Videos

As the campaigns build up, and the parties partake in slandering one another, many satirical videos have emerged. These videos are predominantly uploaded on YouTube and then cross-posted and shared around and discussed on platforms such as Twitter. We were interested in analysing the reach of these videos. Here are the list of videos that we found from YouTube (as of 2nd April) that we analyzed. Hashtags at the end of the video serve as the reference for the corresponding video for the rest of the blog.

  1. KUNAL KAMRA | STAND UP COMEDY 2019 #Kunal
  2. Banda Apna Sahi Hain | #NaMoAgain2019 #BJPRap
  3. Bollywood Vs Politicians (The Beginning) Comedy Mashup – Hindi Mashup #Bollywood
  4. If Modi And Rahul Were Roommates | Being Indian #RahulModi
  5. EIC: The Modi Song #EICSong
  6. ‘Breathless’ In A Tribute To ‘Non-Stop Modi’ | Patriotic Song | WROST PM EVER #Breathless

We analyzed the Views, Likes, and Comments (both the number, and their content), Dislikes, and compute the Like/Dislike ratio for each of these videos. The table below (arranged in the decreasing order of Views) lists their engagement on YouTube with the number of Views and Comments garnered.

Video ViewsComments
#EICSong6,901,7947,260
#Kunal6,541,81636,833
#Bollywood2,226,1962,442
#RahulModi1,809,0814,838
#BJPRap545,6442,697
#Breathless278,152901

The following table lists the videos with the number of Likes and Dislikes, and the ratio of the Likes to the Dislikes for each of the videos.

VideoLikesDislikesRatio
#Kunal325,46334,0269.56
#EICSong184,07314,41212.77
#RahulModi52,7278,5776.14
#BJPRap48,8263,64433.72
#Bollywood35,5821,4489.76
#Breathless14,5961,35010.82

To understand the comments, we developed the word cloud (see below) for each of the videos. (click on the images for an enlarged view)

To access our complete dashboard with interactive graphs, and data, please visit here.

For any questions / analysis, please drop an email at pk[at]iiitd[dot]ac[dot]in, we will be happy to answer it for you.

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Associate Professor @ IIIT-Delhi http://precog.iiitd.edu.in